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异氰酸叔丁酯

英文名: TERT-BUTYL ISOCYANIDE

CAS: 7188-38-7      分子式: C5H9N

分子量: 83.13170

别名:


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描述

tert-Butyl isocyanide is an organic compound with the formula Me3CNC (Me = methyl, CH3). It is an isocyanide, commonly called isonitrile or carbylamine, as defined by the functional group C≡N-R. tert-Butyl isocyanide, like most alkyl isocyanides, is a reactive colorless liquid with an extremely unpleasant odor. It forms stable complexes with transition metals and can insert into metal-carbon bonds. tert-Butyl isocyanide is prepared by a Hofmann carbylamine reaction. In this conversion, a dichloromethane solution of tert-butylamine is treated with chloroform and aqueous sodium hydroxide in the presence of catalytic amount of the phase transfer catalyst benzyltriethylammonium chloride. tert-Butyl isocyanide is isomeric with pivalonitrile, also known as tert-butyl cyanide. The difference, as with all carbylamine analogs of nitriles, is that the bond joining the CN functional group to the parent molecule is made on the nitrogen, not the carbon.

基本信息
英文名:
TERT-BUTYL ISOCYANIDE
CAS号.:
7188-38-7
别名:
Propane, 2-isocyano-2-methyl-; 2-isocyano-2-methylpropane;
分子式:
C5H9N
分子量:
83.13170
PSA:
LogP:
0.93490
物化属性
外观:
密度:
0.735 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
熔点:
沸点:
91 °C(lit.)
闪点:
-2 °C
储存条件:
Warehouse ventilation Low temperature dry, anti-flame, and oxidant separate storage
安全信息
海关编码:
2929109000
WGK Germany:
3
危险类别码:
R11; R23
安全说明:
S16; S45
危险品标志:
F; T
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